The Dance16 mayo 2009 en 20:08 | Publicado en Cultura, English | Deja un comentario
By Verónica Del Pino, Marta Rodríguez & Mª Nela García (2º Bachillerato)
We want to teach you a bit more about a secret world that most people can’t see because it is necessary to be a little sensitive to be able to feel it, though we are sure that you are the kind of people to understand it.
At first we would like to tell you something about ballet’s history and we will show you some examples.
Ballet was originated at the end of the 15th century, from the numbers of dance that was represented in the banquets of the Italian courts. The court Italian ballets were developed in France. It determined the character of the future court ballets, which crystallized in the 17th century in the different European courts with his sumptuously wardrobes, decoration…
Many of the ballets presented in the courts were created by the italo-French composer Jean Baptiste Lully and the French choreographer Pierre Beauchamps, who designed five basic positions.
In 1661, Luis XIV founded the Royal Academy of the Dance. The dance was configured as a professional discipline. You must know that it is necessary to have a right discipline and a great mental capacity more than a physical one as the latter is obtained by effort.
The dancers of the 18th century were hindering by their suits, shoes and wigs.
Do you imagine to dance nowadays with these clothes?? That is impossible!! Marie Anne Camargo shortened the skirts and started using slippers without heel in order to show her steps and jumps. In spite of the virtuosity of the French dancers, the choreographers who were working out of Paris obtained a more dynamic expression in their ballets.
Later ” dances of classic ” were created, such as: ” Swan Lake “, one of our favourite dances!
We are going to tell you about its story though it is true that these works are unreal enough because they come from fantastic stories.
The Swan Lake was a dance that had a premiere in 1877 and 1895 and had a great success in the theatre of Saint Petersburg, whose first choreography belonged to Marius Petipa.
This wonderful work is divided in 4 acts. In the fourth act, we can find the presence of love and magic together with the fight between good and evil. The prince Sigfrido fell in love with Odette, a young woman turned into swan by a charm.
To summ up
The first act: the garden of Prince Sigfrido’s castle.
The second act: The shore of the lake
The third act: The great lounge of the Prince Sigfrido’s castle.
The fourth Act: The shore of the lake.
But not only ballet exists. We can also refer to “escuela bolera” because this style is studied in Spain. We can affirm that the “escuela bolera” is the “classic Spanish ballet “. It is a style of dance that was developed in Andalucia and it consisted of the transformation of popular dances in dances of professional exhibition.The system followed by the schools was similar to the classic ballet’s method. Some nomenclature, for example: “los panaderos”, “boleros”, “seguidillas”, “fandangos”, “jaleo de Jerez”, “la malagueña ”, “la cachucha”, etc. Some of them, with numerous choreographic variants, have reached a very extensive repertoire. In spite of being grouped under the same name, these dances are distributed between two very different skills; while the “boleros” and “seguidillas” have got jumps, returns, and very difficult steps of elevation “jaleos”, “cachucha” centre more in the grace and mischievousness, using simple steps on the floor.
A stylization has taken place in the Bolera school. This stylization has been produced gradually and without having conscience of when and in what way this phenomenon has taken place, and for this reason, nowadays we can’t determine exactly the bolera school steps. But it is true, that at present there are two kinds of bolera schools, one that belongs to the first graphical interpreters that appeared (Antonio Ruiz, Pilar Lopez – the first half of the 20th century) of simple skill; and another one in which the skill was refined, the Spanish National Ballet is the best example. Aida Gómez , has been appointed to be one of the best current dancer from Bolera school.
We can’t forget this: POPULAR DANCE + CLASSIC BALLET = BOLERA SCHOOL.
FLAMENCO DANCE: Andalucia’s original Dance . It was created in order to accompany the flamenco songs (“Bulerias”, “Alegrias”, “Fandangos” …) later it takes a character of exhibition and protagonism, with more serious songs (“Solea”, “Seguidilla”, “Cañas”, …). The incorporation of fans , shawls , canes, “batas de cola”…
FLAMENCO DANCE + BOLERA SCHOOL = SPANISH DANCE.
Dance is the way of expression that we prefer to use, as we reach freedom with our movements. We feel light, prepared to take off without difficulties and the dream becomes real. When we are dancing alone or in groups, we feel it is not a complicated exercise but the best pleasure. It is movement in all its beauty.